PA-WT 11: Safety Review and Risk Prevention
Note: See PA-WT 21 Staff Training and Development.
A safety review committee, supervisory personnel, or external advisors:
- conduct ongoing safety reviews;
- promptly review incidents when emergency procedures are invoked; and
- recommend corrective action.
Safety procedures include:
- use of a written safety manual or equivalent safety plan for each type of activity offered;
- completion of a safety or risk-management plan before each trip or activity that contains safety preparations and other emergency planning information;
- a mechanism for bringing a participant’s relevant health and medical information into the field;
- providing trip leaders with funds or other means for obtaining emergency resources during trips or programs held outside the agency's immediate vicinity;
- filing incident reports for any accidents or incidents in which personnel or participants were injured or at risk; and
- notifying senior management if emergency procedures are invoked or an unanticipated problem or incident occurs.
When conducting trips or outdoor activities in remote areas, the agency:
- develops written evacuation and search and rescue procedures;
- trains staff on protocols for conducting medical evacuation; and
- provides appropriate equipment for emergency communication links from field personnel to outside medical and other resources.
When conducting offsite activities, the trip or activity plan includes:
- an itinerary maintained at the agency's central location;
- weather conditions under which evacuation may be warranted;
- detailed information regarding contact with the service director, or a designee, and rangers when appropriate;
- means of contacting rescue resources, medical facilities, and law enforcement; and
- any public or private entity notified of the itinerary.
Safety training related to missing persons addresses:
- search and rescue procedures;
- public-safety agency involvement; and
- notification of all relevant personnel.
The agency trains all participants in planned trips or adventure based activities about the prevention of risks that may include:
- sunstroke, sunburn, hyperthermia, dehydration, frostbite, and snow blindness as appropriate to the type of activity and weather conditions;
- dangerous plants, animals, situations, and other hazards that may be associated with adventure-based activities or locations; and
- allergic and anaphylactic reactions.
First aid, emergency response kits and emergency supplies, and medications
needed by participants are available and under the control of the senior trip leader or other designated group leader at all times.
An agency that provides transportation in agency-owned vehicles, or in vehicles owned by personnel or contractors, requires:
- vehicles be equipped with standard safety equipment and passenger restraint mechanisms;
- access to emergency roadside repair tools, spare tires and parts, and other equipment required by law;
- pre-trip vehicle checks and regular vehicle maintenance;
- advance planning for supervision of participants during travel and during scheduled stops; and
- advance planning for appropriate breaks and rest stops, with a full day of rest scheduled following four consecutive days of vehicular travel.
NA The agency does not provide transportation directly or by contract
Youth who participate in Wilderness and Adventure-based Therapeutic Outdoor Services
expand individual capabilities, develop self-confidence and insight, ameliorate symptoms, and improve interpersonal skills and relationships.