PA-ECE 12: Oversight of Family Child Care Homes
The agency provides oversight and support to family
child care homes to ensure care is being provided in a safe environment that promotes healthy child development.
NA The agency does not utilize family child care homes to expand its capacity to provide care.
Family child care coordinators are qualified by:
- a CDA, CCP, or equivalent credential;
- an associate’s degree in early childhood education or child development; or
- a bachelor’s degree in a related field with two years of post-graduate experience in early childhood education.
Related fields include early childhood education, child development, elementary education, early childhood special education, psychology, family consumer sciences, home economics, social work, and social services.
Family child care coordinators:
- recruit and assess family child care homes prior to their use;
- provide support and supervision through a monthly home visit;
- offer training and professional development opportunities; and
- monitor the quality of care being provided.
The agency utilizes family child care homes staffed by individuals with:
- a GED or high school diploma;
- at least 45 hours of family child care-related training within the last three years; and
- access to ongoing training and education.
The agency may choose to provide ongoing training or assistance in obtaining continuing education.
Prior to use, all family child care homes are screened to ensure they are fully licensed or approved, according to applicable regulatory requirements.
The needs of the child and family are matched with a care provider to ensure suitable, family-based care.
The agency is aware of available spaces at each child care home and only refers families when it is determined that the resulting teacher-child ratios and group sizes:
- allow teachers to provide supervision that ensures child health and safety;
- allow teachers to establish and maintain relationships with each child in the group;
- allow teachers to offer a variety of activities and lessons that promote social, emotional, cognitive, language, and physical development;
- take into consideration the size and configuration of the space;
- take into consideration the qualifications and competencies of the caregiver; and
- take into consideration the needs of the children in the group.
Generally, teacher-child ratios should not exceed COA’s Recommended Teacher-Child Ratios and Group Sizes.
Interpretation: When more than six unrelated children are cared for in a child care home, the child care provider is assisted by additional staff.