Children, youth, and adults with developmental disabilities receive services that help them achieve full integration and inclusion in the mainstream, make choices, exert control over their lives, and fully participate in, and contribute to, their communities.
Update: Added Core Concept Standard - 04/01/11
Added Core Concept Standard
Interpretation: Throughout CR 4 the term "person" is defined to include children, youth, and adults with developmental disabilities. In instances where the person cannot make his or her own decisions, sign documents, or is otherwise limited in his/her ability to provide informed consent, the term, "person" may be understood to also include an advocate or legal guardian, as in "...the person, his/her advocate, or legal guardian..."
Note: Refer to the Standards Clarification: Developmental Disabilities Updates document located in the Tools Index for additional information regarding the evidence for these standards.
NA The organization does not provide any programs or services that are designed to serve persons with developmental disabilities.
NA The organization is implementing the standards for Services for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities (DDS).
Organizations serving persons with developmental disabilities adopt a service philosophy that:
The person is the primary source of information about the need for service and the information gathered for assessment.
The organization works in partnership with the person, and his or her team according to the wishes of the person, to develop and implement a service plan that enables the fullest and most independent life possible in the community and promotes self-determination.
Interpretation: Persons with limited ability to make independent decisions receive help from the team in making choices and/or assuming responsibility for making decisions.
"Team" is defined to include the person's family, friends and other natural supports, circle of support, support/service broker, service coordinator, or others chosen by the person. It is essential that members of the person's team are, to the extent possible, chosen by and the preference of the person.
Interpretation: Service planning for persons with developmental disabilities can address, as appropriate to the person:
The service planning process includes a means for resolving conflicts between the person and his/her family, advocate, or others that may be involved in establishing and implementing the person's plan.
If the organization uses interventions that limit physical movement, diminish sensory experience, restrict personal freedoms, or cause personal discomfort, such interventions are implemented only when:
Interpretation: Examples of such treatments and interventions are use of splints or poseys to prevent self-injury, use of visual or auditory screens to reduce stimulation, use of distasteful substances, textures, or activities as a consequence for behavior.
NA The organization does not use interventions that limit physical movement, diminish sensory experience, restrict personal freedoms, or cause personal discomfort.
The organization provides assistive technology, or helps the person gain access to assistive resources, as needed, and the person is:
Interpretation: Assistive technology is any tool, device, service, or software that helps persons with disabilities perform tasks that otherwise might be difficult or impossible.
An intervention is discontinued immediately if it produces adverse side effects, or is deemed unacceptable according to prevailing professional standards, and policy prohibits:
The organization supports persons with developmental disabilities to establish meaningful social relationships, build and maintain natural support systems, exercise their rights and responsibilities, and participate in the life of their community by:
Interpretation: Persons with developmental disabilities receive services and supports that are tailored to their individual needs and help them fully interact with the community and achieve maximum independence in the least restrictive environment.
Family support services are available to strengthen the family's ability to provide care, prevent unwanted and inappropriate out-of-home placements, and help maintain family unity.
Interpretation: Information is available to help caregivers with their caretaking responsibilities and addresses the needs or interests of caregivers, including topics such as early childhood development, behavior, home economics, work-life balance, and nutrition.
Interpretation: Examples of community support services, include:
Persons with developmental disabilities receive appropriate support and education regarding sexuality and relationships, including:
Interpretation: Support and education regarding sexuality and relationships should be tailored to the assessed needs, capacity, and learning style of the person.